What is the procedure of Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery?

We all stand unaware as to what can go wrong at what moment. All the things that have been ever made are to be destroyed some day or the other, but till the day it is destroyed naturally, it is our responsibility to take care of it properly. And this does not apply to only worldly things, but to us ourselves too.

Our human body is made up of extremely delicate organs which work day and night for the proper functioning of our body and to give us something which we call life. Many a people resort to unhealthy habits, which when pursued over a long period of time, can cause big irreparable damage to their body.

One such delicate organ of our body is the heart, which is at the root very much essential to function properly in order of order body to function properly. Due to high fat intake, there exists a risk of blockages forming up in your arteries, which carry the oxygen rich blood to your heart. Whenever such a condition arises, the person gets into a risk of suffering from heart attack, or even heart failure. Therefore, it becomes of high priority to get started with the treatment to remove the blockage in your artery if you are diagnosed with one.

Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery

Depending upon the severity of the blockage in the artery and the number of blockages,  a person may either be required to get a stent installed in their heart, or if the case is severe, then get a Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery done.

The procedure of a bypass surgery is quite a complex, yet delicate process which requires the best of the experienced doctors to perform the same. As we know by now, a person who has got fat deposits (plaque) in their arteries, develop a blockage and are required to either get a stent installed or go through a bypass surgery to restore the normal flow of the blood.

Let us now discuss in detail about the procedure of a bypass surgery and its complexities. Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery takes about 4 to 8 hours, depending upon the number of blockages a person has. Starting first, the patient is given general anesthesia, post which the patient is given breathing support by inserting a breathing tube in their mouth and connecting it to a ventilator.

After the patient is administered with anesthesia, the surgical process begins with the surgeon giving a long incision in the chest, which starts from just below the Adam’s apple to the navel. This incision exposes the rib cage and the heart to the surgeon. To get access to the heart, the surgeon cuts the breastbone in half and separates them into halves to get an exposure of your heart.

Now, in order to sew the grafts on to the blocked artery, the surgeon needs to temporarily stop the heart. To do so, the doctor inserts some tubes in your hearts to divert your blood to a pumping machine, and once the flow of the blood has been diverted, the doctor injects the heart with a cold solution to stop the heart from beating.

Once the heart has been stopped, the doctor begins with the procedure to install the bypass graft on the affected artery. The graft is usually a part of a vein taken from your arm or leg, and is sewn on the affected artery. One end of the graft is sewn above the blockage and the second end of the graft is sewn below the blockage by making tiny openings, thus bypassing the flow of the blood from the blocked area.

Once the graft is installed, the surgeon checks for the normal flow of blood from the installed graft and once the normal flow of blood is ensured, the tubes connected to the heart are removed and the blood is made to flow through the heart again. Post the completion of the procedure, the surgeon sews up the breastbone together with small wires and remove the excess fluids and blood from your chest and around the heart. And as a final closing step, the surgeon sews up the skin over the breastbone and gets it back to the previous state of originality.

Footnotes

As we’ve come to know about the exact procedure of how a Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery is done, we are well aware of the risks involved in the process. Nobody would want to go through such a heart wrenching process, and thus the best bet is to adopt healthy habits and keep your health, body weight and fats in check to eliminate the chances of developing such arterial blockages at the first place itself!

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