What is Artificial Intelligence(AI): Concept, Types, History, and Future

Artificial Intelligence (AI) has become a popular buzzword, but what does it really mean? In this article, we’ll explore the definition of AI, different types of AI, its history, present and future possibilities, applications, and so on. We’ll also take a look at the potential impacts of AI on our lives and how it might shape our future. Dive in and learn more about this fascinating technology.

What is Artificial Intelligence?

Artificial intelligence, or AI, is a branch of computer science that deals with the creation of intelligent agents, which are systems that can reason, learn, and act autonomously. AI research deals with the question of how to create computers that are capable of intelligent behavior.

Moreover,  AI can be used to solve complex problems, such as image recognition and natural language processing. AI is also used in a wide range of applications, from self-driving cars to medical diagnosis and robotics. Also, artificial intelligence is being used to develop intelligent systems that can interact with humans in a more natural and intuitive way.

You Can Also Read: Difference Between Data Science and Artificial Intelligence?

A Brief History of Artificial Intelligence

Artificial intelligence (AI) traces its roots back to the 1950s when a handful of scientists began exploring the possibility of creating intelligent machines. Inspired by recent advances in cognitive science and philosophy, it was believed that the human mind might be viewed as a kind of computer.

During the 1950s and 1960s, AI research was heavily funded by the US military and government agencies such as DARPA. The goal was to develop intelligent systems that could be used for tasks such as military simulation and planning. AI technology made some important breakthroughs during this period, including the development of expert systems, which are computer programs that mimic human expertise.

However, funding for AI research declined in the 1970s due to a number of factors, including the failure of early Artificial General Intelligence (AGI) projects. AGI is a term used to describe artificial intelligence that is able to match or exceed human intelligence in all domains. The decline in funding caused many AI researchers to leave the field or switch to other areas of computer science.

In the 1980s and 1990s, there was a renewed interest in AI thanks to advances in machine learning, an area of AI that deals with teaching computers how to learn from data. This led to significant progress in areas such as speech recognition and language understanding. 

In 1997, Deep Blue became the first computer system to beat a chess grandmaster, further demonstrating the power of machine learning.

Types of Artificial Intelligence

There are four primary types of Artificial Intelligence (AI):

  • Reactive AI: This type of AI is the most basic and only reacts to its environment. It does not have the ability to learn or remember past experiences. Examples of reactive AI include chess-playing computers and Google’s AlphaGo.
  • Limited Memory AI: This type of AI can remember past experiences and use that information to make decisions in the present. However, it can only remember a limited amount of information and cannot generalize from those experiences to new situations. Examples of limited memory AI include self-driving cars and robots that can navigate around a room without bumping into things.
  • Theory of Mind AI: This type of AI is still in development but shows promise for being able to understand human emotions and intentions. Once fully developed, this type of AI could be used for applications such as mental health diagnosis and lie detection.
  • General or Self-Aware AI: This is the Holy Grail of AI research and is still many years away from being realized. A general AI system would be able to understand any task that a human being can, including reasoning, natural language processing, problem-solving, and so on.

Artificial Intelligence in the Present

AI is not a new technology, but it is one that has seen a resurgence in recent years. This is due, in part, to the increased processing power of computers and the availability of data. AI involves using computers to process and make decisions based on data. This can be used to solve problems or automate tasks.

AI has been around for centuries, but it was not until the mid-20th century that it began to be used extensively. One of the early pioneers of AI was Alan Turing, who developed the Turing test. which is used to determine if a machine can think like a human being.

Today, artificial intelligence is changing the way we live, work, and play. It’s used in a variety of industries, from healthcare to finance and manufacturing–even transportation! AI can be used to automate tasks such as sorting through large amounts of data quickly and accurately or recognizing patterns in images.

AI can also help businesses make better decisions by analyzing past data and predicting future trends. In addition, AI is being used to develop virtual assistants such as Siri and Alexa. Moreover, it is helping in graphic design, video games, and virtual reality. AI is also being used in autonomous vehicles, facial recognition systems, and more.

Future of Artificial Intelligence

The future of artificial intelligence (AI) is both immensely exciting and somewhat uncertain. On the one hand, rapid advancements in AI technology are leading to the development of ever more powerful and sophisticated AI systems. It is difficult to predict exactly how these systems will work and what impact they will have on society as a whole.

There are many different possible futures for AI. One possibility is that AI will become increasingly ubiquitous, with ever more devices and systems incorporating some form of AI. Another possibility is that AI will be used to create intelligent robots or other forms of intelligent machines that can carry out tasks on our behalf. There is also the potential for AI to be used for malicious purposes, such as creating fake news or carrying out cyber attacks.

Whatever the future holds for AI, it is clear that it will have a major impact on our lives. As such, it is important to stay informed about developments in this field and to think carefully about how we want to shape the future of AI.

Advantages of Artificial Intelligence

  • Increased efficiency: AI can perform tasks quickly and accurately, freeing up time for humans to focus on more complex and creative work.
  • Improved decision-making: AI algorithms can analyze large amounts of data and provide insights and recommendations that humans may not have considered.
  • Enhanced accuracy: AI systems can be trained to recognize patterns and make decisions with a high degree of accuracy, reducing the risk of human error.
  • Increased productivity: AI can handle multiple tasks simultaneously, allowing businesses to increase output and productivity.
  • Cost-effectiveness: In some cases, AI can be more cost-effective than hiring additional human employees to perform certain tasks.

Disadvantages of Artificial Intelligence

  • Unforeseen Outcomes: Artificial intelligence can lead to unforeseen consequences and undesirable outcomes.
  • Used for Harmful Purpose: Secondly, artificial intelligence technology may be used for evil or harmful purposes.
  • Fewer Job Opportunities: Artificial intelligence technology can lead to job losses and higher unemployment rates, as robots and machines begin to replace human labor.
  • Social Disharmony: Artificial intelligence can cause social disharmony and unrest. This means that individuals may be displaced or mistreated by technology.
  • Uncontrollable: Finally, Artificial intelligence technology may become uncontrollable and dangerous.

Four Different Practices of Artificial Intelligence 

In practical terms, AI applications can be deployed in a number of ways, including:

  • Machine learning: Machine learning is a practice of artificial intelligence that involves training algorithms on data to make predictions or take actions without being explicitly programmed.
  • Natural language processing (NLP): NLP is a practice of artificial intelligence that involves using computers to understand, interpret, and generate human language.
  • Computer vision: Computer vision is a practice of artificial intelligence that involves using algorithms and models to enable computers to interpret and understand visual data from the world, such as images and video.
  • Robotics: Robotics is a practice of artificial intelligence that involves designing and building robots that can perform tasks autonomously or with limited human input. This often involves using machine learning, computer vision, and other artificial intelligence techniques to enable the robots to perceive and interact with their environment.


Artificial intelligence will change a number of industries, including healthcare, transportation, manufacturing, etc.

  • Healthcare: Hospitals and clinics are already using AI to help doctors diagnose diseases and predict patient outcomes. In the future, AI will be used to create personalized treatment plans, identify potential health risks, and provide real-time feedback to patients.
  • Transportation: Self-driving cars are just the beginning. AI will eventually be used to manage traffic flows, optimize public transportation routes, and even plan road construction. Moreover, flying cars and bikes powered by AI will become a reality in the future.
  • Manufacturing: AI can be used to improve production line efficiency and quality control. In the future, AI-enabled robots will be able to handle more complex tasks such as welding, fabricating parts, and so on.
  • Education: AI can be used to provide personalized learning experiences and help teachers tailor their instruction to the needs of each student. AI-based tutoring systems can also provide real-time feedback and support for students.
  • Financial Services: AI will be used to create more accurate financial models, identify potential fraud, and automate investment decisions. In the future, AI-powered chatbots may even be able to provide personalized financial advice


So in short conclusion, the term “artificial intelligence” was first coined in 1956, by computer scientist John McCarthy. AI research deals with the question of how to create computers that are capable of intelligent behavior.

In general, AI applications can be deployed in one of two ways: rule-based systems and learning systems. Rule-based systems use a set of rules to make decisions, while learning systems learn from data.

With the rapid development of machine learning, artificial intelligence is becoming increasingly powerful and sophisticated. In the near future, AI will likely transform many industries, including healthcare, finance, transportation, and manufacturing. As AI technology continues to evolve, it will bring about new challenges and ethical concerns that need to be addressed.

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