Security is a broad term that defines protection in our life from various dangers that we can potentially face. It could be a thief or a vandal that could break into our house or business, because of which we could install security cameras. If we want to keep an eye on your children, we could install spy cameras or nanny cameras. If we’re going to authenticate our employees, we can install biometric scanners. Similarly, to protect ourselves from dangers online, we would employ measures of cyber security. But what exactly is cyber security>
Cyber security is a term that defines improving networks, technologies, and programs to protect that from any cyber-attack. Cybersecurity is a crucial component of IT companies and all businesses, consumers, and employees. This is because everyone is dependent on the internet more than ever, making them vulnerable to cyberattacks. A cyberattack victim can face severe loss or danger as it can result in the loss or theft of data that cybercriminals may use in various ways. They might try to blackmail you to get money out of you, sell your data somewhere, or even ruin your life through identity theft. This is why one should never ignore cyber security in our continuously evolving digital world. Cyber security specialists work to fight and protect victims from this danger through various means of protection. This article will discuss what you need to know about cyber security to better understand it and potentially protect yourself from harm.
Types of Cyber Security
This form of cyber security involves securing critical infrastructures or specific computers through various ways, such as two-factor authentication. This helps prevent intruders from accessing any internal networks.
This form of security focuses on protecting against cyber threats that can come up during an application’s development stage. This is done through various hardware and software, like firewalls and encryption.
Information Security focuses on protecting digital data from various dangers like unauthorized access, changes, and theft. This form of security is vital for big organizations.
A lot of data tends to get stored in the cloud these days. This form of security focuses on keeping this data safe from cyberattacks.
Data Loss Prevention
Data loss can be highly devastating for a company and people in general. This form of security aims to prevent this through various processes and policies. In case data is lost, this form of protection aims to work on ways to recover it.
End-user education aims to educate the people who are using systems to protect against cybercrimes. After all, it is the people themselves through which criminals can initiate attacks. This is done by teaching them various practices such as not clicking on suspicious downloads and not downloading unknown attachments.
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Types of Cyber Attacks
Social engineering aims to psychologically manipulate people so that they give away information or perform cyberattacks. Phishing is one form of this attack where fake emails are sent to unsuspecting users to coerce them into giving away valuable information.
Malware is software that is designed to harm a computer system or gain access to it. Often, users of these systems will be unaware of their existence. These consist of viruses, spyware, worms, and so many more. All these software are designed to either steal information, crash your computer or use it to send spam to other users.
Ransomware is software used to take control of a user’s computer and then blackmail them into giving you money or anything of monetary value. If the victim fails to give in, then blackmailers will delete the information after the mentioned time. An example is the commonly used AnyDesk that can be bundled with ransomware.
Advanced persistent threats happen when a user sneaks into a network and stays there for a long time to steal data. These users will not aim to harm the network in any way. They will try to stay on it for as long as possible. This generally happens in organizations with very critical or valuable data.
How does Cyber Security protect against these threats?
There are various ways you can implement cyber security practices to protect yourself. Some of these are:
- Only use secure sites with HTTPS URLs.
- Avoid opening attachment files from unknown senders.
- Update devices constantly.
- Regularly backup files.
- Install reliable anti-virus software.
The bottom line
Cyber Security is essential for most people and organizations as it protects them from various dangers from the internet and internal networks. Multiple forms of cyber security can help protect you from all sorts of dangers. By implementing good cyber security practices, one can easily protect themselves from cyber threats.